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Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)  

  • Definition of EIA

          Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is the systematic examination of unintended consequences of a development project or programme, with the view to reduce or mitigate negative consequences and capitalize on positive ones.
In practice, this means studying and analyzing the environmental feasibility of any proposed project because the implementation or operation of the project may affect the environment, natural resources and/or human health.

  • Why EIA?

          The purpose of EIA is to ensure the protection and conservation of the environment and natural resources including human health aspects against uncontrolled development.  The long-term objective is to ensure a sustainable economic development that meets present needs without compromising future generations ability to meet their own needs.  EIA is an important tool in the integrated environmental management approach.       
EIA must be performed for new establishments or projects and for expansions or renovations of existing establishments according to the Law for the Environment